What do you understand by the term nuclear fusion

  1. What do you understand by the term nuclear fusion?
  2. Nuclear power plants use nuclear fission reaction to produce electricity. What is the advantage of producing electricity by fusion reaction?

Answer

  1. Nuclear fusion – The process in which two lighter nuclei of lighter atoms combine to form a heavy and more stable nucleus with the liberation of large amount of heat.
  2. The product formed is not radioactive hence less harmful to human/ energy produced per nucleon (for same mass of nuclear material) is more than fission.